I need a clarification regarding the link creation for <ol> list in the HTML page.

Here is the example code for reference.


that gives this as output:

  1. test
  2. test

I need to create the links only on the numbers preceding the actual text. Is it possible?

  • You could look into custom list-style-type hacks. Those usually require setting the content property on the li:before pseduo-element, and I'd bet a lot of ereaders don't support that. For what you are trying to do, it would probably be easier to build out your list manually with <div>s and <p>s instead of using the list element. Then the numbers would be actual text which you could wrap with an anchor tag.
    – blendenzo
    Commented Mar 30, 2017 at 5:59

2 Answers 2


Earlier in text:

<a name="header1">Header 1</a>

<a name="header2">Header 2</a>

further down...

<li><a href="#header1">item one</a></li>
<li><a href="#header2">item two</a></li>

If you're making an EPUB book, every tag must be closed, or self-closed. idiotprogrammer had the syntax right, but the example did not work (for IDPF specs).

<img src="image1.jpg" id="image0001" title="this is self-closed" />
  • Unfortunately, your example doesn't pass epubcheck. Also you can't use name as an attribute, you'll have to use id.
    – user4665
    Commented Jun 29, 2016 at 21:18

Here's a solution which does what you need:

<a href="#"><li></li></a> 
<a href="#"><li></li></a>

(I tried putting a non-breaking space there, but it underlined the space. You could probably use css to set text-decoration: none for the a element.)

If you want the links to go anywhere, you could replace "#" with an anchor URL.

Update: Ahh, I see that the content model doesn't allow A tag underneath OL. So my answer is wrong.

  • That's fine, fortunately, the IDPF standard will not accept the below code while validate the HTML page.
    – vkfjs
    Commented Jun 27, 2016 at 5:32
  • This is very interesting. Any idea what the validation error is? I guess you're validating against HTML 5, so it may be stricter about empty elements.or bad href references... Commented Jun 29, 2016 at 16:46

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